Thursday, September 19, 2019

A Devotional--31 Names of God






After 6+ years of careful study and research of Hebrew letters and Names of God, learning the meanings of the Hebrew letters, and applying those meanings to determine Ancient Meanings of Names of God, this research is finally published! Some of you have followed my work on this project here on Pray.Network.  I am happy to say that it is available on Amazon in its completed form. 


The title is ‘31 Names of God’. I, Lewis Turner, am the researcher and author.


31 Names of God were chosen for the study, and the book was organized so it could be used for a devotional for a month. I invite you to use the book in that manner. This study is helpful in learning the ancient meanings of the Names of God, and it also helped to use them in giving praise to God!

If you are inclined to make a detailed study, there is a lot in this book that can help you.


Here is a review that Pastor Phil Miglioratti, who has worked with Mission America Coalition, is the Head of the National Pastor's Prayer Network, and coordinator for Pray.Network (originally set up by Navigator's Press) made:

It is obvious this study is the result of your obedience... and a labor of love.


You have produced a resource that is research-based yet user-friendly.


The format provides translation information but also challenges personal application. This is a discipleship tool; guides seekers but also matures followers.


The appendices are each useful but as a whole, they give credibility to your scholarship; a confidence builder for seeking-disciples and following -disciples.


This is a personal opinion of mine; and I am NOT a Hebrew language scholar!
When Moses asks God to reveal God’s name, God says (paraphrase): “I AM.” In space-time past, I AM; in your present moment in space-time, I AM; in space-time future,I AM. Self-existing. Inescapable. Wholly and holy other.Unfathomable.


In my humble opinion, God is not revealing a name but is directing us to recognize the core ‘DNA’ of all His names and attributes. God always IS; alive, life-giving, outside of and in control of time. Yahweh is more a descriptor than a definition or name. God is the verb ‘to be’ so God’s nature/essence/reality is the source of everything, in every place, in every moment of time.


The many names attributed to God are each expressions of this descriptor and all stem from the only God who can claim to ‘be’ the source of space, time, and matter.

***

It is available in Paperback and in Kindle format. 

Tuesday, March 22, 2016

Use of alah in early roots of Hebrew


Use of ‘alah’ in early roots of Hebrew.




Recent happenings, not just at Wheaton College, but elsewhere within the last 4 years have pointed to confusing the two names.  The issue is about the name for the Christian God, Jehovah, and the name of the Islamic god, allah.  Some say they are the same.  Wycliffe was involved in this controversy that came to a head in 2012.[i]

Others have tried to look at languages of the nations which surrounded Israel, saying that they were essentially the same or closely related to Hebrew.  While there are similarities in various sematic languages, there are significant differences between each of the various sematic languages.  This study will focus on the issue at hand looking primarily at the Hebrew language.

To answer this question about Jehovah and allah—are they the same, or do they have the same roots, we should look at the first mention of the names of God in the Bible.  To start, let’s look at the first time a names appears is in Genesis 1:1.  Here we find the name Elohim.  It’s spelling in Hebrew is אֱלֹהִ֑ים,  Elohim, and the Strong’s Number is H430.  This word is masculine, and also because of the Hebrew letter ‘Mem’ ם, it is considered plural.



In Genesis 2:4 and 5 we find the name Jehovah used with the name

Elohim,    יְהוָ֥ה  אֱלֹהִ֑ים.  The two names are connected, all the way back to creation.

Moving forward in our discussion to the period of Abraham, we find some variations of the name Elohim.  The word which has been reportedly identified as a root word of Elohim is alah אלה .  It was reportedly used in swearing.   The ancient meaning of alah derived from the meaning of the Hebrew letters used in spelling it—is:  The strong leader leading to revelation—or—revelation leading to the strong leader.[ii] [iii] When one swore—in early days it may have been an act of invoking a higher power or God to reveal something.  In this sense, it was not a name of God but a reference to a higher power or authority.    [iv]

One evidence of swearing is seen in the Qur’an:

This swearing is sometimes used in swearing allegiance to a religion such as Islam. 

After the Pledge of the Tree, which led to the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, the following was revealed in the Qur'an commemorating and appreciating the pledge and those who made it:

Certainly Allah was well pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance to you under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down tranquility on them and rewarded them with a near victory,”

— Sura Al-Fath, Ayah 18, Quran 48:18 (Translated by Shakir) [v] 

Looking further at the word alah, אֱלֹהִ֑, we find that when the pronunciation is with an ‘a’ it becomes feminine, when used in this mannor, it refers to a goddess[vi].  Goddesses are noted in the Bible in a number of occasions and were not the same as Elohim.  

In reviewing the Hebrew words for gender, we need to understand that “Hebrew fundamentally has both masculine and feminine gender phonetic vowel pronunciations for much of its words, besides the words tense, singularity or plurality that affect each word pronunciation.  EL, ELOI, ELAH, ELOH, ELOAH, ELOHIM, ALAH, etc., are use in the over all scripture text as a generic titles not a names. However there is evidence that both the Isrealite people and Gentiles use them as both masculine and feminine gender names, by a component or a whole persons name.)” [vii]



More information from the article found at http://www.eliyah.com/forum2/Forum1/HTML/002932.html  (also noted in reference vii) we have some interesting notes about early uses of ‘elah’ and various forms of it.



Sections of this article are quoted below, with some notes (Turner) inserted.



-beginning of excerpt from article-



·       Used to refer to Goddess.  Note:  ‘a’ in initial pronunciation indicated feminine.  Daniel 1:2 (twice in verse); or construct לעשתרת מואב ׳צדנים לכמוש א ׳א to Ashtoreth goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh god of Moab, etc.

·        [a] The Aramaic masculine singular pronunciation for divine worship is “ELA,” while the feminine adjective equivalent is pronounce “Alahaya.

[b] In Arabic is pronounce “ILAH” or the feminine past tense in Arabic is “allaha” meaning in the past tense “he deified,” ( Note the meaning is: ‘defiled’-Turner Reference iv)

·        [c] *A’nath,* is the ancient Canaanite language pronunciation for goddess as in “Beth-A’noth” {Strong’s # 6039. A’noth. ayin, vav, nun, tav.} It’s shameful and warranting of the LAWGIVER’S punishment to worship a goddess consequently the ancient Canaanite word for Goyot goddess in (Josh. 15:59) was later coin in scripture Yahadowtyot language as a word associated with punishment, affliction and suffering as in (Ps. 22: 25). Also pertaining to “Beth-A’nath” {Strong’s # 6039. A’nath. ayin, nun, tav.} (Josh. 19:38, Judg. 1: 3) from which the Canaanites were made tributaries of Israel (Judg. 1: 33). Like {Strong’s # 421 ALAH. aleph, lamedh, he.} bewail, lament, {Strong’s # 6039 A’noth. ayin, vav, nun, tav.} is associated with affliction and shameful lamentation. Wish is link to {Strong’s # 6031 Anah. ayin, nun, he.} meaning defile, depravity, evil, ravish.

(Note: the change of meaning over time. (Reference iv)

·       [d] The Aramaic feminine equivalent for “goddess” is pronounced “Alahta.” {aleph, lamedh, he, tau, aleph.} employ in the Peshitta text of the ancient eastern Aramaic [Syriac] scripture and pertaining to goddess in the Epistles (Act 19: 27, 37).

·       [e] The ancient Arabic used {ALAH. aleph, lamedh, he.} for “goddess” however the modern day Arabic feminine pronunciation for “goddess” is “ULA.”which is denominated masculine from “ILAH”. Interrelated rooted in “ILAH” is the Arabic verb “aliha” meaning “he sought refuge in anxiety, to fear or to have reverence” Ali and aliha are Arabic interrelate spin-off variables of “ILAH.”—(Note—over time word spellings change and what may have been originally feminine, may be colloquially changed to a similar word, or the meaning may have changed. Reference iv)

·        [f] It was commune to venerate some one by giving then the name of their Elohim as YAHWSHUA and EliYAH. Likewise, the pagan world would name their sons after the name of their pagan deity Zeus. As Zeus two sons where name after him, Dionyssus and Perseus. Others who where name after Zeus where; Odysseus [Ulysses] and the deity of healing Iesusus, was also identify as Iasus Christ in the Greek, phonetic Iesus [Jesus]. Ancient Middle Eastern Gentiles so venerated their heathen ALAH “goddess” that they name both male and female children, by a component or a whole name of “Alah Semiramis.” As Nimrod’s mother was known, she consolidated Nimrod entourage after he was killed by telling them that the child she carried was Nimrod “reincarnated” virginally conceived after his death, then worship as a Madonna. In the Babylonian harlot religion all three Baal [father], Duzu [son] and Semiramis [mother] where warship as co-equal gods [the unholy trinity.] (reference vii)



-End of excerpt from article-



Looking further at the name Elohim, אֱלֹהִ֑ים, which is masculine, and learning what the Bible says about God, we find that there was a definite differentiation of God vs gods in the Bible. Some of the numerous references showing the differentiation of God from other gods are found in the following scriptures:

Exodus 15:11, Exodus 20:3, Deuteronomy 5:7, Joshua 24:18-24, II Kings 17:29-35,  Psalms 81:9,  Isaiah, 44:8, Isaiah 45: 21-22, Isaiah 46:9, Jeremiah 26:6, Jeremiah 35:15, I Corinthians 8:4.

There is also a lot of historical evidence showing that at the time that Islam started, the name allah was frequently used in the region for god.  This god is not the same God as the God of the Israelites. 

Concerning the historical evidence of allah being frequently used among the Arabs for god, there is a good article titled:  ‘allah of Islam, is he Yahweh God of the Bible’.[viii]

This article even shows false claims and provides a defense that shows the two names, Jehovah and allah are not the same.

After reading the article, I also noted an item not discussed in the article, but when a word is pronounced with an ‘a’ such as changing elah pronunciation to alah, the word becomes feminine, and the feminine form refers to a goddess.  Over time- centuries-the meaning can change away from feminine and refer to a god.  Many words have changed meanings over time—and it is very probable that that may have happened with what appears to be the root of allah, or alah.  The name of God, when referenced with ‘Elah’ is masculine.  There is definitely a difference here.

Conclusion:  the Hebrew/Christian Bible is very clear that the name of God is Jehovah, and not any other name.  Also, Jehovah is connected to the name Elohim in Genesis 2:4 at the time of creation. 

Let’s remember the admonition in the Bible and accept it identifying Jehovah as the name of God. 

References




[i] The Daily Jot  --  Articles related to Wycliff using allah instead of Jehovah
The Daily Jot, January 30, 2012
The Daily Jot, January 31, 2012
The Daily Jot, February 2, 2012
The Daily Jot, February 3, 2012
The Daily jot, February 8, 2012
The Daily Jot, March 13, 2012
The Daily Jot, September 17, 2012
The Daily Jot, September 18, 2012
The Daily Jot, September 19, 2012
The Daily Jot, September 20, 2012
The Daily Jot, May 20, 2013
[iii] http://wheatlandministries.blogspot.com/2016/03/hebrew-alphabet-and-meanings-compiled.html

[iv] Turner- Wheatland Ministries, PO Box 697, Walkersville, Md 21793

[vi] Hebrew Strong’s Numbers 422-424
[vii] http://www.eliyah.com/forum2/Forum1/HTML/002932.html
[viii] http://www.answering-islam.org/Responses/Abualrub/allahs_identity.htm



Hebrew Alphabet and meanings - Compiled


Hebrew Alphabet and Meanings - Compiled



This compilation has been developed from considerable research, using many sources as well as personal study of the words in context.  In the definitions you will find some possible meanings identified as inferred.  They are referenced as from Wheatland Ministries.    Those inferred meanings came from my personal study of the meanings of the letters derived from the context of a verse where a word with the letter appeared.  Hopefully they expand and clarify the subtle meanings of the letters.



The alphabet listing follows the following format: the first letter is the current Hebrew, the second symbol is how the letter would have been written in the time of Abraham.



א   Aleph - Strength, leader, first, strong leader- strong, power, leader (2b) In the ancient Hebrew, it was drawn like the head of an ox which is part of the original meaning of the letter (1a)  A



 ב Bet, Beyt -house, It's literal meaning is House or tent. In the ancient Hebrew, it was drawn as the floor plan of a primitive house, and thus it's symbolic meaning is a household. (1a), family (2b)  B



גִּ Gimel – to lift up, It's literal meaning is a camel, to lift up. Its symbolic meaning is kindness, to nourish, or pride, to be lifted up. (1a) gather, walk (2b) CG



ד Dalet -Pathway, enter, door- In ancient Hebrew this letter was drawn as a tent flap (1a). 

To enter could infer an action of discovering what is behind the door.  (10)  The letter ‘dalet’ is a picture of a door. D



ה He, Hey – behold, to reveal, the – look, reveal, breath (2b)  It's literal meaning is a window, or lattice. The symbolic meaning is to behold, or to reveal. In rabbinic tradition the letter hey is associated with revelation! (1a). Also by inference, the meaning could mean--expose or show. (10)   E



ו  Vav- Nail, to secure – add, secure, hook (2b) The literal meaning is a nail. The symbolic meaning is "to secure or fasten" "add" "a connection". The letter in grammar serves to connect or join together, two words or phrases as in English our word “and” (1a).  Inferred—lasting— Psalms 119:144- עוֹלָם ʿôlām -everlasting. (10)   F



ז Zain /Zayin - a weapon-(possibly the letter was a picture of and axe.) (1a), food, cut (2b) The numeric value is 7, and 7 indicates the saboth which the Lord wants us to remember.  Zayin is also the first letter of the word "zahor" (זחור), meaning to remember—(8)—therefore another meaning of Zayin could be to remember.  Z 



ח  Heth, Chet – fence, hedge, to separate. Outside, divide, half (2b), The literal meaning of this letter is a "fence", "hedge" or “chamber”, (1a)  An inferred meaning could also be protection-IE a fence protects. (10)    Another inferred meaning could also be that Heth refers to instruction— instruction that makes the hedge—see the word Statutes Hebrew Strong’s Number 2706  חֹק (10) Another inferred meaning is that the hedge represents love-possibly protective love. (10)  H



Chesed is the Old Testament's highest expression for love. It is a love that remains constant regardless of the circumstances. Chesed is translated in English in many different ways: kindness, lovingkindness, mercy, loyalty, love, and unfailing love. (5c)



ט Tet -- The 9th letter of the Hebrew alphabet is the Tet. The literal meaning of this letter is "a snake" or "to twist" and the symbolic meaning is "to surround."  The snake (Tet) brought judgment to God's children in the garden.  It is amazing in that one of the ways of writing the ancient letter Tav besides as a cross, was in the form of an "X".(1a) surround, contain (2b) It also represents a container made of wicker or possibly clay (9)  (Note—there is considerable variance in the interpretation of the meaning of Tet.  The definition in (1a) suggests a snake.  The definition in (2b) is to surround, contain which is more supportive of the definition in (9) referring to a basket or a pot—which does fit the description of the letter.)



י Yud - deed done, to make, power, might- Work, worship (2b) In the ancient Hebrew word pictures, the yod was drawn as a "hand" complete with the arm above the elbow. It symbolized work done - (1a) (note: the picture of the letter Yud-of how it was represented in the Alphabet used in Abraham’s time, looks like a possible handshake-a handshake could infer ‘agreement’.)    JI



כ ךְ   Kaph - It's symbolic meaning is to cover, to allow or to open. In the picture Hebrew of Moses it was drawn like what it represented, an open hand. The center of the Hebrew alphabet, it shows the open hand of God's blessing for all who embrace Him. (1a) Open, Allow (2b)   The meaning where kaph is used in a work preceded by a word like ‘lo’ לֹא֙ which is a negative could also infer that in the presence of pure Holiness –all our wrong doings are known.  Therefore, to open would be to show faults (10)  K



ל Lamed - Go toward, learn, teach, urge forward - The ancient picture form of this letter is a cattle goad and in this form it symbolized: to control or the controller, to prod or urge forward, to go towards of forward, and a tongue (1a) L



מַ ם Mem-massive, sea, ocean, mighty. It related to Moses, mighty, mighty waters (nations) and this is how Moses got his name. Moses means ‘drawn waters’.  Based on the name Moses, the letter could possibly mean ‘drawn’ (1a) Chaos, Mighty, Blood (2b) (inferred-"many"-see Exodus 20:3 aherim, Strong's Number 312 translated other)10  M



נ ן Nun-Propagate increase, In the ancient picture language this was pictured as a seed in ancient Hebrew and Egyptian cultures. As mentioned, it represented "life", "posterity", "active life". As used in the Hebrew word for son , the nun symbolized the posterity of the house.(also by inference, Nun could mean purpose—it is used in the word—potter  יֹצְרֵ֔נוּ –see Isaiah 64:8—a potter makes a vessel for a specific purpose) Continue, heir, son (2b)  In Isaiah 53:5 it is possible that the letter Nun in the word nirpa, we are healed, could indicate an inferred meaning of Nun as healing. (10)   N



סָ Samekh - lean upon, support, uphold, It's literal meaning is a "prop" or "support". It's symbolic meaning is to prop up, support, to turn aside, like a prop on a tree to change the direction of it's growth. (1a). grab, hate, protect (2b), thorn (9).  From the word dross Strong’s Hebrew Number 5509, Ps 119:119 it could mean remove (10)   X 

The Samech is another letter of support and protection. The ancient pictograph of the Samech is that of a prop or support, thus it represents God's support. The circular shape of the Samech can be seen as a picture of God, our support, who has no beginning and no end. This center letter is seen by the sages as a picture of the heart of God where one can reside and be protected by the strong outer circle.  (5c)

עָ Ayin   - see, know, knowledge, experience, insight, symbol of sight and insight and other possible meaning eye and fountain. (1a) watch, know, shade—(to shade could infer hiding) (2b)   O



פֶּ פְ ף Pey, Fey ,Pe - mouth, speak, word, to speak, to open, It's literal meaning is “mouth” and it's symbolic meaning is "to open", "speak", "word", "the beginning" (like a river). In the ancient picture Hebrew, the letter Pey was drawn according to the meaning, in this case, a mouth.  Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer. Psalms 19:14 (1a) (7) P



צִ ץ Tzade harvest, desire, just, righteous—In ancient Hebrew this letter was drawn like a hook. In Hebrew, to "want" or "desire" is Ra-tsah and the word picture tells us that desire is when a person is "hooked". Another significant word is the Hebrew word for Righteousness, Tse-dek and the word picture tells us that you are righteous when your hook is the door you follow. See John 10:7, 9 (1a) Journey, chase, hunt (2b). An inferred meaning could be: focused desire. (10)  



ק Qoph, Kof - the last, least, behind(6f) –condense, circle, time—(circle time could indicate eternity—which may be a meaning of Qoph; circle time could also mean ‘time’ by inference (10)) (2b) Sunset, back of head, Follow, (follow) after (guarding/protective of).  Also another inference –see Psalms 119: 152—old—Qoph—could mean-passage of time or what has passed in time—i.e. ancient. (10)    Q



ר Resh, Reish - what comes first, capstone, head, highest, first, top, beginning, (2b) The literal meaning of the Reish is "first", "Head" and the symbolic meaning is "first" "person", the "most important", "highest" or the "highest/first person".(1a)    R



שָׁ Shin—The symbolic meaning is "sharp", "to consume, devour or destroy". (It might be possible to infer the meaning of shin as ‘focused’ when looking at the word sharp.  For example—to speak sharply, can be very focused speaking) There are two words that bear out the theme of "destroy" which begin with the sheen/shin. They are the word for "Repent": Shoov  repent.  Note: Repentance comes when we "destroy" our old house (old ways), leaving nothing to turn back; and the word meaning “peace”, which refers to wholeness and wellness: Shalom שָׁלוֹם. A definition of shalom has been given as: (1a) Sharp, press, eat, two (2b) to press could mean to force—force open (note: to force could also possibly mean strong or focused, which could be inferred meanings (10)) S



ת Tav  -- It's literal meaning is "ownership" "covenant" "sign" "a mark" and "to join two things together". (1a), mark, sign, signal, monument (2b)   T

Note about Tav:  In the ancient Hebrew picture letters the Tav was written as a cross, and later as an X. In the ancient Hebrew word for "sign" signwe see that the SIGN is "the strong leader nailed to the cross". It is this same word that is translated Greekin the Greek text of Luke 2:12 which reads: And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.
The Hebrew word for religion is "DaT”,
דתּ.  In Abraham’s Day it was written as:  DaT  the ancient word picture tells us that religion is the "door of the sign" or the "door of the cross".  Source (1a) 




References:






(2b) Hebrew28_alphabet chart http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/28_chart.html



(3c)  Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary on Word Search



(4d) Giving Ourselves to Prayer compiled by Dan R. Crawford, Chapter 30



(5c )  Tiffany Ann Lewis Elijah List Publications
528 Ellsworth St. SW
Albany, OR 97321

www.elijahlist.com
email: info@elijahlist.net
Phone 1-541-926-3250



(5e)  Hebrew Alphabet Chart with Meanings Prepared by Dr. Jensen Petersen, www.JensenPetersen.com







(7)  Meaning of the Hebrew Alphabet www.abarim publications.com/Hebrew_Alphabet_Meaning.html

8 Hebrew Today http://www.hebrewtoday.com

9 The Ancient Hebrew letters, Jeff A Benner http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/3_thet.htm

10.  Inferred meaning—Lewis Turner, Wheatland Ministries.

Notes: In this passage of Psalms, the word well and good is used several times, and pronounced differently and translated different ways even though the letters are the same.  They all come from the Hebrew word—טוֹב.  The following are the Hebrew Strong’s Numbers for this word:  They are - 2898 & 2896. 



The meanings of the word in each pronunciation are closely related but different.  The pronunciation for ‘well’ may refer indicate the phrase is in the past tense.  The pronunciation mark is on the letter Vav וֹ and the phrase refers to a past event. 



©2015 Lewis Turner